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“We’re also interested in the intersection between poverty and surgery, as in people who are impoverishing themselves in the search for surgical care due to the cost of surgery, transportation and food,” he told Reuters Health by phone.“We were not expecting the vast majority to have heard about us through the text.“The barriers for patients coming to the city are much higher if they live farther away,” said Dr. We’ve been traveling there for seven years,” Shaye said.Notably, the patients traveled an average distance of 100 miles to get to the surgical team site.

At the same time, mobile phones are in about 97% of households in Zimbabwe.At the clinic, the surgical team asked all patients about their age, home village and how they learned about the clinic. (Photo: Pixabay) Dozens of patients in Zimbabwe undergoing cleft lip and palate surgery had first learned about the opportunity from an SMS text to their phones, a small study found.To see what would happen if the information was broadcast widely in advance, Shaye and colleagues arranged for an SMS text message about available cleft lip and palate surgery to be sent out one week before the surgical team visited Zimbabwe in early 2017. Mobile health technology could advance quickly and in different ways from developed countries, he said.“Traditional marketing techniques and notifications that have worked in the United States may not work in Africa,” Shrime said. Mark Shrime of the Program in Global Surgery and Social Change at Harvard Medical School in Boston, who wasn’t involved in the study.”A majority of patients with cleft lip and palate in sub-Saharan Africa say a lack of awareness about available clinics and about the surgery itself is a major barrier to receiving care, Shaye’s team writes.

Even a Maasai tribe member from rural Kenya who lives in a cow dung hut can be my friend on Facebook,” Shaye told Reuters Health in a phone interview.Some 5 billion people in the world lack access to safe surgery and anesthesia, the study team notes. The patients ranged from newborns to 46 years old, and the average patient was around 9 years old. “He has no electricity but travels to a charging station with solar panels and car batteries. Those who were informed by text messages, however, traveled shorter distances of 86 miles compared to those informed by other methods, who came from an average of more than 133 miles away. David Shaye of Massachusetts Eye and Ear in Boston, who travels to Zimbabwe annually to provide cleft lip and palate surgery.”More complex phones would allow surgeons to offer follow-up phone or video consultations to save patients from traveling long distances for care. Shrime is currently studying ways to address this problem in Papua New Guinea.During the surgical team visit, 53 patients showed up, and all had access to mobile phones.”.

The study also indicates how African countries are 'leapfrogging' technology by skipping the landlines, moving straight to mobile devices. Future studies could also look at transportation as a barrier to accessing care. We can use that to inform more people. “However, we could make great use of this new media to improve health.So-called mobile health, including text-message “blasts” to a wide swath of mobile phone users, could be the key to communicating with hard-to-reach patients in underfloor heating Manufacturers sub-Saharan Africa and other remote parts of the world, the authors write online November 16 in JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery. How can we use that to help?” said study author Dr.

The current study also indicates how African countries are “leapfrogging” technology by skipping landline phones and moving straight to mobile devices, Shrime added.“Everyone has a phone, no matter how poor, and they come into the clinic with those phones. “This seems more promising than imagined, especially as phones evolve in Zimbabwe from basic ones.Some 5 billion people in the world lack access to safe surgery and anesthesia.The message was sent by the largest cell service provider in the country to 25% of its subscribers, and provided information about the surgical clinic and its location. Of those, 37 patients, or roughly three quarters, had heard about the surgical team through the mass text message or their parents had

New Rs 500 notes were issued after old were banned.There is no major change in design of these notes in comparison to the earlier issued notes. Patel Governor, Reserve Bank of India; with the year of printing &insulation boards Factory39;2017' on the reverse, are being issued," RBI said in a statement.The central bank had last week revealed that # nearly 83 per cent of the currency notes that were demonetised have already been remonetised back into the system."In continuation of issuing of Rs 500 denomination banknotes in Mahatma Gandhi (new) series from time to time which are currently legal tender, a new batch of banknotes with inset letter "A" in both the number panels, bearing the signature of Dr.

The RBI had issued new Rs 2,000 and Rs 500 currency notes after old Rs 1,000 and Rs 500 denominations were banned as part of government's anti-black money campaign. Mumbai: The Reserve Bank of India has issued new batch of Rs 500 currency notes as part of its drive in favour of enough cash supply in the banking system.There is no major change in design of these notes in comparison to the earlier issued notes in all respects to the Rs 500 banknotes in Mahatma Gandhi (New) Series. The RBI also said that now there was no shortage of cash in the banking system. These were first notified on November 8, last year when high value notes were banned. Urjit R.

While industry watchers term the situation as grim with 42 CPSEs functioning without proper chiefs, official sources on their part cite various  reasons for the vacancies have persisted for so long, like certain entities having turned into loss making ventures, scrapping of selection panels and even ridiculous ones like non-availability of suitable candidates and lack of finalisation of job description. Many of these state-owned entities also include quite a few Maharatna corporations, they added.Sources confirmed that the 42 vacant posts of CMDs and MDs was pertaining to information available till February 28, 2017.Sources confirmed that the 42 vacant posts of CMDs and MDs was pertaining to information available till February 28, bathroom waterproof panel Factory 2017.

This however created a lot of confusion within PESB as to what set of rules need to be applied for candidates coming from the private sector.According to highly-placed sources, the process for filling up these posts got stalled after the government in June 2016 had amended a 1987 resolution related to Public Enterprises Selection Board (PESB, which is the head hunter for CPSEs), allowing candidates from private sector companies to apply for these posts. Subsequently this led to a kind of an appointment paralysis as hardly any appointments have been made since the resolution was amended in June last year. With several key CPSEs, including the Maharatnas remaining headless, it severely hampers their decision making and policy planning and in the long run it reflects poorly in their finances.

Sources within PSUs cautioned that the selection process needs to be expedited and clarity is required regarding the rules after the amendment of the 1987 order, so that no confusion prevails.The government with the aim of enlarging the spectrum of CPSEs and enabling them to utilise the domain expertise coming from the private sector and state PSUs, as well as to augment competition, had on June 10, 2016 amended the March 1987 resolution related to PESB, allowing consideration of candidates from private sector and state PSUs, for board level posts of CPSEs.Sources within PSUs cautioned that the selection process needs to be expedited and clarity is required regarding the rules after the amendment of the 1987 order, so that no confusion prevails. New Delhi: In what seems like a case of appointment paralysis, as many as 42 Central public sector enterprises (CPSEs) are lying headless as posts of chairman and managing directors (CMDs) and managing directors (MDs) have not been filled up since the past almost one year. Owing to this, it became unclear as to what would be the criterion for selecting chiefs of various Schedule A, B, C and D CPSEs